Brasov area

History

The origins of Brasov as medieval town are lost in the dark times. Archaeological discoveries mention life on this land since the Bronze Age, 60,000 years ago. The most impressive monument of the Antiquity is the Dacian Sanctuary of Racos, hardly accessible to tourists. Another testimony of life on this land is the Roman camp discovered in Rasnov, the former Northeastern border of the Roman empire. An inscription in stone reveals the ancient Dacian name of the land: Cumidava. The DacianRoman settlements (Brasov, Harman, Cristian, Feldioara) in this area stand proof that after the Romans retreat (the year 271) the inhabitants (Daco-Roman population) remained on this land. However the first documentary attestation dates back from the year 1234, when the town was mentioned as CORONA. At that time the town was situated on the present location of the Black Church Later on the town was known as Brasco, Brasso, Kronstadt or Brassovia Citadel.Due to its geographical position, at the crossroads of Moldavia and Valachia, Brasov has had a fast economic growth, becoming one of the most important markets in Transylvania. On the 14th century Brasov became one of the most economical and political strongholds in the Southeast of Europe and on the 16th century also a cultural center. Johannes Honterus, a great German humanist, worked most of the time in Brasov and Deaconu Coresi printed the first Romanian book also in Brasov. On March, 1600, Mihai Viteazul visited Brasov and summoned "The Diet of Transylvania" recognizing the rights of Tara Birsei's inhabitants. In 1688 when the Austrian army conquered Transylvania, Brasov was the last Bastion standing. 1689 was a one of the toughest years in the history of Brasov. On April, 21, a big fire destroyed most of the town and killed 3,000 people. Most of the houses were destroyed and the monument Saint Maria, smoked by the fire, will become "The Black Church". Still hopeful, the citizens rapidly rebuild the city. In 1838 George Baritiu edited the first Romanian publications in Brasov: "Gazeta de Transilvania" and the "Paper for Mind, Heart and Literature". It was also issued a literary review that was promoting the Romanian writers and poets in Transylvania. In the period following the 1st World War, Brasov became a strong economical center in Europe, but the town was partly destroyed during the 2nd World War. It was rebuilt and the historical buildings were repaired.

Geography

BRASOV - is situated in the central part of the the country being considered the second best town in Romania. Located 160 km from Bucharest, Romania's capital, Brasov is surrounded like a halo by the Carpathians, being in the middle of the country at the crossroads of the the Eastern Carpathian and the Southern Carpathians. Across the mountains to the South and East there are Wallachia and Moldavia, to the West the Banat region and to the North the rolling hills of Northern Stretching over a surface of 5,363 sq km the County of Brasov comprises Barsa depression and Fagaras land and in the North-Northeast Persani Mountains and the depression neighbored by Olt river and Tarnave (Hirtibaciului Plateau).

Tourism

Brasov's natural tourist potential is closely connected with its relief since the nearest Eastern and Southern Carpathians are able to satisfy the tastes and desires of all tourists, who are longing to practice either winter sports or summer sports. Three important resorts (Poiana Brasov, Predeal, Sinaia) offer tourists a wide range of winter and summer sports like skiing, snowboarding, driving snowmobiles, swimming, climbing, tennis and roller skating... The Prahova Vally in the Bucegi Massif (The Omu, the highest peak 2507m elevation) is an unforgettable display of the nature which worth seeing.The landscape passes from the green of the rich flaura in the plain to the grey of the rocks then again to the mountain's colour. The mountains are covered by oak, beech and fir trees.The Brasov County is home for wolf, brown bear, fox, lynx, roebuck, stag, wild boar and hare. Other places of interest: Bran (Bran Castle), Rasnov, Harman, Prejmer, The Clearing of Narcissuses (near Fagars town), Poiana Marului. With many facilities for winter and summer sports, nice and cozy accommodation and very tasty cuisine, Brasov is one of the best places to spend a holiday.
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